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How Is Yom Kippur Observed?

Yom Kippur is on September 26. 2012

An overview of Yom Kippur’s traditions and customs

Yom Kippur commemorates the day when G‑d forgave the Jewish people for the sin of the Golden Calf. Forty days after hearing G‑d say at Mount Sinai, “You shall not have the gods of others in My presence; you shall not make for yourself a graven image,” the Jews committed the cardinal sin of idolatry. Mosesspent nearly three months on top of the mountain pleading with G‑d for forgiveness, and on the tenth of Tishrei it was finally granted: “I have pardoned, as you have requested.”

From that moment on, this date, henceforth known as the Day of Atonement, is annually observed as a commemoration of our special relationship with G‑d, a relationship that is strong enough to survive any rocky bumps it might encounter. This is a day when we connect with the very essence of our being, which remains faithful to G‑d regardless of our outward behavior.

And while it is the most solemn day of the year, we are also joyful, confident that G‑d will forgive our sins and seal our verdict for a year of life, health and happiness.

For nearly twenty-six hours—from several minutes before sunset on 9 Tishrei until after nightfall on 10 Tishrei—we “afflict our souls”: we abstain from food and drink, do not wash or anoint our bodies, do not wear leather footwear, and abstain from spousal intimacy. We are likened to the angels, who have no physical needs. Instead of focusing on the physical, we spend much of our day in the synagogue, engaged in repentance and prayer.

Preparations

On the day before Yom Kippur, the primary mitzvah is to eat and drink in abundance. Two festive meals are eaten, one earlier in the day, and one just prior to the onset of Yom Kippur. Some of the day’s other observances include requesting and receiving honey cake, in acknowledgement that we are all recipients in G‑d’s world and in prayerful hope for a sweet year; begging forgiveness from anyone whom we may have wronged during the past year; giving extra charity; and the ceremonial blessing of the children.

Before sunset, women and girls light holiday candles, and everyone makes their way to the synagogue for the Kol Nidrei services.

On Yom Kippur

In the course of Yom Kippur we will hold five prayer services: 1) Maariv, with its solemn Kol Nidrei service, on the eve of Yom Kippur; 2) Shacharit—the morning prayer; 3) Musaf, which includes a detailed account of the Yom Kippur Temple service; 4) Minchah, which includes the reading of the Book of Jonah.

Finally, in the waning hours of the day, we reach the climax of the day: the fifth prayer, the Neilah (“locking”) prayer. The gates of heaven, which were open all day, will now be closed—with us on the inside. During this prayer we have the ability to access the most essential level of our soul. The Holy Ark remains open throughout. The closing Neilah service climaxes in the resounding cries of “Hear O Israel . . . G‑d is one.” Then joy erupts in song and dance (a Chabad custom is to sing the lively “Napoleon’s March”), followed by a single blast of the shofar, and the proclamation, “Next year in Jerusalem.”

After the fast we partake of a festive after-fast meal, making the evening after Yom Kippur a yom tov (festival) in its own right. We immediately begin to look forward to the next holiday and its special mitzvah: the construction of the sukkah.

 
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Posted by on 21. September 2012 in Torah, YHVH, Yom Kippur

 

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Shabbat shalom and a blessed week end

 

Torah reading:

Deuteronomy 29:10 – 30:20

Isaiah 61:10 – 63:9

Romans 10:1 – 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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Posted by on 14. September 2012 in Bible, Shabbat, Torah, Yeshua, YHVH

 

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Because…

A person should always learn Torah even if it is for ulterior motives, because from learning for ulterior motives, one comes to learn it for its own sake…

Talmud, Pesachim 50b

This week Torah reading:

Deuteronomy 26:1 – 29:9

Isaiah 60:1 – 22

Acts 7:30 – 36

and a blessed week end!

 
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Posted by on 7. September 2012 in Torah

 

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The Path of the Humble

 

If we were truly humble, we would not be forever searching higher paths on the mountaintops. We would look in the simple places, in the practical things that need to be done.

True, these are places in a world of falsehood. If the world only had a little more light, none of this would be necessary.

But the soul that knows its place knows that the great and lofty G‑d is not found at the summit of mountains, but in the simple act of lending a hand or a comforting word in a world of falsehood and delusions.

From the wisdom of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, of righteous memory; words and condensation by Rabbi Tzvi Freeman.
 
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Posted by on 24. August 2012 in Bible, Faith, Jahve, Pray, Torah, Wisdom, Yeshua, YHVH

 

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Shabbat shalom and a blessed week end

 

Torah reading:

Deuteronomy 11:26 – 19:17

Isaiah 54:11 – 55:5

1. John 4:1 – 6

 
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Posted by on 17. August 2012 in Bible, Shabbat, Torah, Yeshua, YHVH

 

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Have blessed week-end

 

Torah reading:

Deuteronomy 3:23 – 7:11

Isaiah 40:1 – 26

Mark 12:28 – 34

 
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Posted by on 3. August 2012 in Shabbat, Torah, Yeshua, YHVH

 

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Jerusalem: Arabs Attack Yeshiva Students with Belts

One yeshiva student needed to be hospitalized after Arabs attacked a group of students and hit them with belts over Shabbat.

By Elad Benari

First Publish: 7/31/2012, 3:13 AM Arutz Sheva7

One yeshiva student was hospitalized and several others were hurt in an Arab attack in Jerusalem over the weekend.

The incident occurred when a group of more than 100 students from the yeshiva in Beit El spent Shabbat in Jerusalem. As the members of the group were walking from the Western Wall to the Damascus Gate they were attacked by Arab rioters.

One of the students who were attacked, told Arutz Sheva on Monday that the incident took place after the group took part in evening prayers at the Western Wall on Friday night. The student recalled that he and his friends were making their way from the Western Wall back to the place where they were staying. They had been walking down a nearly empty street, with the exception of a few shops that were open, he said.

The yeshiva students were singing while walking, the student said, and when they reached the end of the street the Arab shop owners began shouting at them to quiet down and insulted them.

“They then drew their belts and began hitting us and throwing things at us,” the student recalled, adding that the Arabs continued to attack the students as they marched towards the Damascus Gate. As a result of the blows, one of the students was injured in the chest and required hospitalization. Some of the other students suffered from cuts on their heads. They did not require hospital treatment.

The student went on to say that even after he and his friends reached the DamascusGate, the Arabs continued to provoke them, pouring cups of coffee on them andthrowing various objects at them.

“Most students do not know how to deal with beatings,” the student said, adding that the Arabs dispersed only after police arrived.

The student who was hurt in the chest was released after one day in the hospital.

 

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